Durga Puja 2017

Durga Puja 2017

Durga Puja which is also called as Durgotsava is a Hindu festival mainly occurring in the eastern part of India and also in Bangladesh during the Hindu calendar month called Ashvin which usually corresponds to the english months of September and October 

The dates for Durga Puja 2017 -

Mahalaya 2017 – Tuesday, 19 September 2017

Maha Panchami 2017 – Monday, 25 September 2017

Maha Sasthi 2017 - Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Maha Saptami 2017 - Wednesday, 27 September 2017

Maha Ashtami 2017 - Thursday, 28 September 2017

Maha Navami 2017 - Friday, 29 September 2017

Bijoya Dashami 2017 - Saturday, 30 September 2017

Durga Puja is celebrated all over the world and even in cities like Chicago, New York, London, etc. and in Indian cities on the west and south like Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore.

Durga Puja is a ten day long festival beginning with Mahalaya and ending on Dashami after which the people wish each “Subho Bijoya”. The festival is celebrated to cherish the victory of goddess Durga over the powerful buffalo demon Mahishashura. During this puja Goddess Durga comes down to earth with her children Goddess Lakshmi (Laxmi), Saraswati, Kartikeya and Ganesha.
After Durga Puja ends, we have the Lakshmi Puja (see Lakshmi Puja 2017 dates after For Durga Puja 2017) and the Kali Puja which usually corresponds with Diwali.

The puja begins on the sixth day of Ashwin shukla paksha and ends on the tenth day with Dussehra! The gods and goddesses are not only worshipped in temples but also in elaborately decorated pandals which hosts the idols. The days are spent in pandal hopping, eating at various stalls, enjoying with friends.

On Mahalaya, people remember their loved ones who have passed away as well as the beginning of the Durga Puja. Like every year Durga Puja 2017 begins with Mahalaya which falls on Tuesday, 19 September 2017. The goddesses and gods are inaugurated on the sixth day, Shashti (For Durga Puja 2017 Shashti falls on Tuesday, 26 September 2017). The days of main puja worship  are the seventh day, Saptami (For Durga Puja 2017 Saptami falls on Wednesday, 27 September 2017) eight day, Ashtami (For Durga Puja 2017 Ashtami falls on Thursday, 28 September 2017) and ninth day, Navami (For Durga Puja 2017 Navami falls on Friday, 29 September 2017). On the tenth day, Bijoya (Vijaya/Bijaya) Dashami the celebration ends with playing of the “dhak” and immersing of the idols in water. People believe that after immersing the idols the goddesses and gods return to Mount Kailash where Lord Shiva is waiting for their return. After this people share sweets and greet each other Subho Bijoya (Download Subho Bijoya images, quotes).

Although Durga Puja is practiced differently in different places the most common practices are bodhana which happens on the Shashti, followed by arati and ululu on Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, and Dashami. On Navami we also have the Sandhi Puja.

The idols are usually made with clay on a frame made of bamboo and straw, although nowadays themed idols are made using various materials. In the clay soil from the forbidden areas or brothels are incorporated as per tradition.

Earlier Durga Puja was a mainly conducted by Shakta Hindus. These people are worshippers of strength and power and they worship Goddess Durga as a symbol of power. Hence, animal sacrifice forms an integral part of it.  Although in recent times animal sacrifice has decreased and symbolic sacrifice using models made of flour etc have increased.

Nowadays theme based puja pandals are on the rise and various clubs are spending tons of money on these pandals. Crores of rupees are spend on Durga Puja every year, and it provides employment to a lot of people. Durga Puja 2017 is not going to be different in any way.

There is a lot of media coverage, durga puja songs being played and then we have the famous Mahishasuramardini which marks the onset of the Durga Puja mood. The two hour long programme used to be played live and now a recorded version is broadcasted. Bengalis wake up early in the morning at 4am on Mahalaya to listen to Birendra Krishna Bhadra and Pankaj Kumar Mullick on AIR as they recite parts of hymns from the scriptures.

Durga Puja is the most important festival in Kolkata. Many people visit the city during this time to enjoy the festival and watch the various themed pujas.

Creation of Goddess Durga:

In ancient times, there existed a buffalo demon called Mahishasura who had received a boon from Lord Brahma. According to this boon, no man or deity could kill Mahishasura. Having received blessings from Lord Brahma, Mahishasura started killing people mercilessly and harassing the gods. He was even successful in driving the gods away from their abode, that is, heaven. 
To fight the demon and protect themselves as well as people on earth, the gods sought help from Lord Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. The supreme Gods were enraged at the exploits of Mahishasura.Their anger led to fires and thunderbolt. The energy of the fires resulted in the birth of Goddess Durga. She received her ten arms from Lord Vishnu and her legs from Lord Brahma.

Goddess Durga's face developed from the light of Lord Shiva. She received all the weapons to fight Mahishasura from the gods. Armed with these weapons, Goddess Durga defeated Mahishasura and helped the gods return to heaven. Since then Goddess Durga is worshipped by all gods and human beings.

Story of Lord Rama in relation to Durga Puja:

According to Ramayana, Lord Rama worshipped Goddess Durga Puja before he set out for the war against Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. He performed the Puja so that Goddess Durga would shower her blessings and give him the strength to kill Ravana, who had abducted Lord Rama's wife Sita.

Goddess Durga was pleased to see that Lord Rama was ready to offer one of his eyes (which resembled blue lotus) as he could collect only 99 blue lotuses to offer to the deity. She blessed Lord Rama so that he could win the battle which started on Maha Saptami. Lord Rama was finally able to kill Ravana on the 'Sandhikshan'. The 'Sandhikshan' is the crossover period between Ashtami and Navami (the 3rd and 4th days of the Puja). Ravana's cremation took place on Dashami which is the day when Dussehra is celebrated by the Hindus.

Durga Puja Celebrations and Traditions

Durga Puja is the most popular festival of the Bengali community. It involves the worship of Goddess Durga who is considered as the symbol of strength. The festival is widely celebrated in the state of West Bengal in India. However, there are other Indian states which conduct the Puja. Durga Puja celebrations include a variety of traditions, customs, and rituals that set the festive mood for the occasion.
Here's an insight into Durga Puja customs, traditions, and rituals followed on each day of the festival.  

Welcoming Goddess Durga:

  • On Shashti, the first day of Durga Puja, people welcome Goddess Durga by performing a ritual known as 'Pran Prathistha'. This ritual is all about worshipping the goddess to invoke her holy presence into the idols.
  • Unveiling the face of the deity: On the evening of Shashti, the face of the idol is unveiled. This Durga Puja custom is known as 'Bodhon'. It is considered as an occasion when the devotees invite the Goddess for the festivities.
  • A number of ingredients are required to perform this ritual, such as Bel tree, a green coconut with stalk, flowers, four bamboo arrows, and other items.
  • Pre-dawn bath on Maha Saptami: Nine types of plants including a small banana tree are bathed and worshipped during pre-dawn hours of Saptami. This Durga Puja ritual is known as 'Kola Bou Snan' or 'Nabapatrika' in Bengali. 'Kola Bou' refers to the small banana plant that is bathed during this ritual.

    Popular Names of Durga

    Names of DurgaMeaning
    DurgaOne who is inaccessible
    DeviThe deity
    TribhuvaneshwariRuler of the three worlds
    Yashodagarba SambhootaOne who’s emerged from Yashoda’s womb
    NarayanavarapriyaFond of Narayana’s blessings
    NandagopakulajataDaughter of Nandagopa Race
    MangalyaHoly and auspicious
    KulavardhiniOne who develops the race
    KamsavidravanakariOne who threatened Kamsa
    AsurakshayamkariOne who reduces the number of demons
    Shilathata VinikshibdaOne who’s slammed at birth by Kamsa
    AkashagaminiOne who flew in the sky
    VasudevabhaginiVasudeva’s sister
    Divamalya VibhooshitaDecorated with garlands
    DivyambaradharaBeautifully dressed
    Khadgaketaka DhariniOne who holds the sword and shield
    PapadhariniOne who bears others’ sins
    VaradaOne who offers blessings and boons
    KrishnaSister of Lord Krishna
    KumariA young girl
    BrahmachariniSeeker of Brahman
    BalarkasadrushakaraOne who’s like the rising sun
    Purnachandra NibhananaAs beautiful as the full moon
    ChaturbhujaHaving four arms
    ChaturvakttraOne who has four faces
    Peenashroni PayodharaLarge Bosomed
    Mayoora PichhavalayaOne who wears peacock-feathered bangles
    KeyurangadadhariniWearing armlets and bracelets
    KrishnachhavisamaLike Lord Krishna’s radiance
    SankarshanasamananaEqual to Sankarshana
    Indradhwaja SamabahudhariniHaving shoulders like the flag of Lord Indra
    PatradhariniHolder of the vessel
    PankajadhariniHolder of the lotus
    KanttadharaOne who holds Shiva’s neck
    PashadhariniHolder of rope
    DhanurdhariniHolder of bow
    MahachakradhariniOne who holds chakra
    VividayudhadharaOne who bears various weapons
    Kundalapurnakarna VibhooshitaOne who wears earrings covering the ears
    ChandravispardimukhaGorgeous like the moon
    MukutavirajitaAdorned with a crown
    Shikhipichhadwaja VirajitaHaving peacock-feathered flag
    KaumaravratadharaOne who observes fasts just as young girls do
    TridivabhavayirtriGoddess of three worlds
    TridashapujitaGoddess of the celestials
    TrailokyarakshiniOne who protects the three worlds
    MahishasuranashiniOne who has destroyed Mahishasura
    SurashreshttaSupreme of all the celestials
    ShivaLord Shiva’s half
    JayaOne who attains victory
    SangramajayapradaOne who grants victory in war
    KamachariniOne who acts on one's own accord
    PapahariniOne who destroys sins
    KirtiOne who is famous
    SiddhiOne who has achieved success
    HriHoly chant of hymns
    SantatiOne who grants issues
    MatiOne who’s wise
    JyotsanaRadiant like flames
    KhamaOne who is the embodiment of forgiveness
    DayaOne who’s compassionate
    BandhananashiniOne who’s detached from attachments
    MohanashiniOne who ruins all desires
    PutrapamrityunashiniSustainer of son's untimely death
    DhanakshayanashiniController of wealth decrease
    VyadhinashiniOne who eliminates ailments
    MruthyunashiniDestroyer of death
    BhayanashiniOne who eliminates all fears
    PadmapatrakshiHaving eyes like lotus leaf
    SharanyaOne who provides refuge
    BhaktavatsalaLover of devotees
    SaukhyadaBestower of well-being
    ArogyadaOne who grants good health
    RajyadaBestower of kingdom
    AyurdaOne who grants longevity
    VapurdaOne who grants good looks
    SutadaOne who grants issues
    PravasarakshikaProtector of travelers
    NagararakshikaOne who protects the land
    SangramarakshikaProtector of wars
    Shatrusankata RakshikaOne who protects from distress caused by foes
    Ataviduhkhandhara RakshikaProtector from ignorance and distress
    SagaragirirakshikaProtector of seas and hills
    Sarvakaryasiddhi PradayikaOne who grants success in every attempt
Source - dgreetings.com [http://www.dgreetings.com/durgapooja/dates.html]


  1. Replies
    1. Thanks Yash! Do share the link with your friends!

  2. नवरात्रि आरती संग्रह App Download Link- Navratri Aarti Sangrah

    या देवी सर्वभूतेषु
    शक्ति-रूपेण संस्थिता।
    नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै
    नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः॥

    आपको और आपके परिवारजनों को नवरात्रि की हार्दिक मङ्गलमय शुभकामनाये ।
    नवरात्रि की 9 माताओं की आरती इस Android App में है
    App Download Link- Navratri Aarti Sangrah